Home care is either primary medical care or specialized support care offered directly by a skilled professional caregiver within the person’s home, rather than care given in nursing homes or group clinics as in hospitals. Home care is also sometimes referred to as domiciliary care, community health care, or in-house care. It differs from institutional care in that there is no one to provide the care, but rather a professional in the home that is trained in providing health care services. Most providers of home care are family members, friends, or professionals.
A person who is homebound because of a condition or disability may need periodic assistance with tasks like cleaning, cooking, and shopping. Another type of home care service may be helping a person with physical therapy or with getting up and going to appointments. Other services a caregiver may provide may include personal hygiene, transportation, companionship, or specialized medical care such as medications or physical therapy. Some home care providers work through an agency, while others may work through an independent agency.
If your loved one has a condition or disability that limits their ability to perform typical day-to-day tasks, they may require assistance with everyday activities. For instance, if a person is bedridden, they may need help with getting dressed, grooming, taking medication, using the bathroom, and other tasks. As in all areas of healthcare, being a good home care provider means finding a quality, responsive and professional caregiver that is familiar with your loved one and the special needs they have. In order to find such a person, you can ask friends or relatives for referrals, conduct your own research and use the Internet. You may also want to contact the facility where your loved one is staying to find out if they have a recommended caregiver.
There are a variety of services offered in a non-medical home care setting. Depending on your loved one’s needs, you will want to find a provider that can offer personal care, medical assistance, or a combination of both. If your loved one requires both medical and personal care, there are several options available. In-home caregivers are professionally trained to provide both types of care. They can be called upon to come into your home on a scheduled or unscheduled basis. However, because they are paid on a contract basis and receive no benefits or paid time off, they tend to fill the most needed slots.
If an individual needs medical assistance but their family members are capable of providing it, an assisted living center may be the best option. With this type of home care, the caregiver is typically not permitted to give injections or administer medication. Instead, they are responsible for managing the elderly’s personal care under the close supervision of a physician. However, there are some assisted living facilities that allow a licensed nurse to oversee the care of the patient.
A reputable in-home care provider will be licensed and insured. This is important because Medicare and Medicaid do not cover these types of services. For this reason, a person who is in need of either medical or personal care should ask their personal care provider if they are covered by their insurance policy. When a person is in need of both medical and personal care, they should also inquire with their insurance company to see what types of services are covered. By doing so, they will ensure that they are not billed for services that they will be able to pay for on their own.